1/23/08

The Al Bu-Said Dynasty

BRIEF HISTORY
The Sultanate of Zanzibar (the Land of the Zenj) consisted of the islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, Mafia, and Lamu, off the East African Coast. These territories formed part of the Omani maritime empire from the close of the seventeenth century. For a time, Zanzibar served as the capital under Sayyid Said bin Sultan the Great. At his death in 1856, a succession dispute erupted between his surviving sons, ended by the arbitration of the Earl Canning, Viceroy of India. Known as the "Canning Award", the 1861 settlement established Zanzibar as a separate sultanate under Majid, Said's former Governor of the East African dominions. Included in the settlement, an agreement that the Sultan of Zanzibar would pay an annual subsidy to the Sultan of Oman, as compensation for loss of revenues from East Africa.

European interest in Zanzibar centred on two factors, trade and slavery. The first, because the island was the chief source of cloves, for which India was the largest market. The second because the British government championed a policy for the eradication of the slave trade and slavery throughout the world. The Moresby Treaty of 1822 made the sale of slaves to Christian powers illegal. The Hamerton Treaty of 1845 outlawed the export of slaves from Said's African empire. The following years saw a growth in the activities of the Anti-Slavery Society and campaigners against the trade, amongst whom David Livingstone remained prominent for many years. Further treaties with the British in 1873 and 1875 outlawed the slave trade completely and succeeded in closing the slave markets in Zanzibar. Their closing revealed that most of those who ran them came from Western India. The marketplace became the site of the Anglican Cathedral. However, the last vestiges of slavery, particularly domestic and debt bondage, remained until eradicated under the protectorate in 1897.

In 1886, Britain and Germany attempted to settle some aspects of their colonial rivalry by the conclusion of the, so-called, Anglo-German Agreement. Germany acquired recognition of its control over the Tanganyika territory on the mainland. In return, the Imperial British East Africa Company acquired the coastal territories lying north of the Umbu River. The Sultan learned of the secret agreement only after its conclusion, but was powerless to do anything about it. The island territories of the sultanate became a British Protectorate in 1890, and British control over the remaining coastal territories were extended to the mouth of the river Juba.

In 1963, Zanzibar became fully independent, a member of the Commonwealth and of the United Nations. However, the predominantly African population revolted against their largely Arab rulers within three months, forcing the Sultan to flee, first to Kenya, and then into exile in England. The revolt was a bloody one in which over 13,000 people lost their lives and over 21,000 "detained" within the few days. Ultimately, the principal African based political parties established a degree of control, restored law and order, and banned the instigator of the uprising, the former Uandan immigrant bricklayer turned "Field Marshal," John Okello. The island territories eventually united with Tanganyika, to form the United Republic of Tanzania in April 1964, but many of those imprisoned by the regime remained so for another 15 years. The Sultan went into exile in England, where he continues to reside.

GENEALOGY



1856 - 1870 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Sa'id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1834, sixth surviving son of H.H. Sayyid Sa'id bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by Sarah, a Circassian lady, educ. privately. Became Governor and Regent of Zanzibar and its dependencies, following the death of his elder brother, 7th November 1854. Proclaimed as Sultan on the death of his father, 19th October 1856. Installed at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 2nd November 1856. Disputed the succession with his elder half-brother, Sayyid Thuwaini, who assumed control of Muscat and Oman after the death of their father. Confirmed as Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies and had Zanzibar recognised as an independent realm, under the terms of the Canning Award, 2nd April 1861. Faced a serious rebellion by his younger brother, Sayyid Barghash, in 1865, which he defeated with the help of British gunboats. Founded a summer capital on the East African coast at Dar es-Salam (the Abode of Peace) in 1862, now capital of Tanzania. Founded the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Durri al-Zanzibari) in 1865. m. (first) at the Bait al-Watoro, Zanzibar, 1855 (div. ca. 1858), Sayyida Aisha [Azza], an orphaned kinswoman from Oman. m. (second) … He d. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 7th October 1870 (bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, an only daughter:
1) H.H. Sayyida Khanfora bint Majid. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar. m. there, H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (b. at Sumail, Oman, 1853; d. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 18th July 1902, bur. Makusurani Cemetery), eldest surviving son of Sayyid Muhammad bin Said, sometime Governor of Sumail. She had issue, six sons and four daughters - see below.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1870 - 1888 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Barghash bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCMG (4.7.1883). b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1837, tenth surviving son of H.H. Sayyid Sa'id bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by Fatala, an Ethiopian suri, educ. privately. Attempted to seize power at Zanzibar, following the death of his father in October 1856, but was easily thwarted by his brother Sayyid Majid. Rebelled again in 1865, was heavily defeated with the help of British gunboats, and forced into surrender at the Marseille plantation. Exiled to Bombay, in India, 1865-1867. Proclaimed on the death of his elder half-brother, 7th October 1870. Installed at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 10th October 1870. Agreed to close the slave markets, outlaw the transport of slaves over water, prohibit the ownership of slaves by Indians, and to grant his protection to those freed, in treaties with the British on 5th June 1873 and 14th July 1875. He issued decrees prohibiting slave caravans from the interior to, and along the coast in 1878. Refused a British protectorate in 1877, and was thwarted in an attempt to seek a German protectorate in 1880. Forced to accept the Anglo-German Agreement which delineated German and British spheres on the East African mainland, including his own dominions on the coast, 7th December 1886. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. Rcvd: GC of the Order of the Tower & Sword for Valour, Loyalty & Merit of Portugal (x.6.1875), and the Order of the Red Eagle 1st class in brilliants of Prussia. m. several wives, including (first) H.H. Sayyida Moza bint Hamad (b. at Muscat, Oman; d. at Zanzibar, 1918, bur. Makusurani Cemetery), daughter of Sayyid Hamad bin Salim Al-Said, sometime Governor of Musnah. He d. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 26th March 1888 (bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, two (or three) sons and three daughters:
1) Sayyid Saif bin Barghash Al-Said. He d.v.p. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 30th Sepember 1882.
2) Sayyid Khalid bin Barghash Al-Said. b. at the Chuini Palace, Zanzibar, 1878, educ. privately. Attempted to seize the throne and proclaim himself Sultan, following the death of his brother-in-law, 25th August 1896. Fled to Dar es-Salam, in German East Africa after the bombardment of Zanzibar by the Royal Navy, 27th August 1896. Captured and exiled to the St Helena in 1917, and transferred to the Seychelles 1921. Released in 1925 and allowed to settle in Kenya. m. (first) ... m. (second) ... m. (third) Yaka (b. 1898). m. (fourth) Panya (b. 1898). He d. at Mombasa, Kenya, 19th March 1927 (bur. there), having had issue, seven sons and one daughter:
a) Sayyid Barghash bin Khalid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1896, educ. privately. m. Fatuma (b. 1900). He d. before 1954.
b) Sayyid Said bin Khalid Al-Said. b. at Dar es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1898, educ. privately. m. (first) Sahira (b. 1899). m. (second) Sayyida Nazha bint Salim Al-Said (b. 15th December 1916), daughter of Sayyid Salim bin Kindeh Al-Said, by his first wife. He d. before 1954, having had issue, two daughters:
i) Sayyida Maya bint Said Al-Said. b. at St Helena, 1917 (d/o Sahira).
ii) Sayyida Raya bint Said Al-Said. b. at St Helena, 29th September 1920 (d/o Sahira).
c) Sayyid Majid bin Khalid Al-Said. b. at Dar es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1909, educ. privately.
d) Sayyid 'Ali bin Khalid Al-Said. b. at Dar-es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1912, educ. privately.
e) Sayyid Nasir bin Khalid Al-Said. b. at Dar-es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1914 (?), educ. privately. He d. probably before 1922.
e) Sayyid Ghalib bin Khalid Al-Said. b. at Dar es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 15th September 1916, educ. Barr-at-law. He d. at Dar es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 2nd January 1951, having had issue, one son and two daughters:
i) Sayyid Barghash bin Ghalib Al-Said. b. at Dar es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 13th December 1947.
i) Sayyida Sharifa bint Ghalib. b. at Dar es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1949.
ii) Sayyida Waliam bint Ghalib. b. at Dar es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1950.
f) Sayyid Qais bin Khalid Al-Said. b. at Dar-es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1917, educ. there. m. Sayyida Nunu bint Said, daughter of Sayyid Said bin Kindeh Al-Said. He had issue, three sons:
i) Sayyid Khalid bin Qais Al-Said. b. 1936.
ii) Sayyid Azzan bin Qais Al-Said. b. 1938.
iii) Sayyid Salim bin Qais Al-Said.
a) Sayyida Khawla bint Khalid Al-Said. b. at Dar-es-Salaam, Tanganyika, 1905.
3) ? Sayyid Said bin Barghash Al-Said.
1) Sayyida Nunu bint Barghash. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar. m. there, as his second wife, H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamad bin Thuwaini, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (b. at Muscat, Oman, 1857; d.s.p. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 25th August 1896, bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery), son of H.H. Sayyid Thuwaini bin Said, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, by his wife, Sayyida Ghaliya bint Salim, daughter of H.H. Sayyid Salim bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies - see below.
2) Sayyida Alia bint Barghash. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar (d/o Sayyida Moza). m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, before 1890, as his first wife, Sayyid 'Ali bin Salim Al-Said (d . at Muscat, 1st September 1928), eldest son of H.H. Sayyid Salim bin Thuwaini, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies. She had issue - see Oman.
3) Sayyida Sharifa bint Barghash. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar (d/o Sayyida Moza). m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1892, Sayyid Fahad bin Turki (b. at Muscat, Oman; d. there, June 1894), third son of H.H. Sayyid Turki bin Said, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies. She had issue - see Oman.



1806 - 1856 H.H. Sayyid Sa'id bin Sultan, Imam of Muscat and Oman, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar. b. at Sumail, 5th June 1797, second son of H.H. Sayyid Sultan bin Imam Ahmad, Sayyid of Muscat and Oman, by his second wife, a daughter of H.E. Sayyid Saliman bin Hamid al-Busaidi, educ. privately. Succeeded on the death of his father as joint ruler, with his brother Salim, 18th November 1804. Reigned under the Regency of his uncle, Sayyid Badr bin Saif until his death, 31st July 1806. Proclaimed as sole-ruler, under the regency of his sister, Sayyida Aisha, 14th September 1806. Signed the Moresby Treaty with the British in 1822, in which he made the sale of slaves to Christian powers illegal throughout his dominions. Removed his residence to Zanzibar in 1832 (permanently in 1840). Established permanent diplomatic relations with the USA in 1836, and the UK in 1840. Recognised as Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by virtue of the Hamerton Treaty of 2nd October 1845, in which he outlawed the export of slaves from his African empire. Rcvd: a Sword of Honour from King George IV (1820), and the Order of the August Portrait (Nishan-i-Tamtal-i-Humayun) of Persia (1856). m. (first) before 1825, H.H. Sayyida Azza bint Saif (d.s.p. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Zanzibar, after 1857), daughter of Sayyid Saif, probably by his wife, Sayyida Muza bint Ahmad, daughter of Sayyid Ahmad bin Sa'id Al-Said, sometime Governor of Muscat. m. (second) at Bundar Abbas, 19th July 1827 (nikah) (div. for infidelity 1833), H.R.H. Shahzadi Shahzada Khanum, daughter of H.I.H. Shahzada Muhammad Husain 'Ali Mirza, Tau'aman ul-Mulk, Farman Farma, Governor-General of Fars and Governor of the Persian Gulf Ports, by his first wife, Nawab Hajjiya, daughter of Muhammad Quli Khan-e Afshar Arumi. m. (third) July 1837 (div.) H.R.H. Shahzadi Shahruzad Khanum (d.s.p. in Persia, 1849), daughter of H.I.H. Shahzada Iraj Mirza, Mahabat ul-Mulk, of Persia. He also maintained over seventy-five sarari, including (a) Najm us-Sabah (d. in childbirth, at Muscat, Oman, 1817), an Assyrian lady. m. (b) Khurshid, an Indian lady from Malabar. m. (c) Madina (d.s.p.), a Circassian. m. (d) Sarah (d. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, ca. 1849), a Circassian. m. (e) a sister of Sarah, a Circassian. m. (f) Jilfidan (d. from cholera, at the Bait al-Tani, Zanzibar, 1859), daughter of a Circassian farmer and captured in a raid by Albanians. m. (g) Fatala, an Ethiopian. m. (h) Taj, a Georgian. m. (i) Nur us-Sabah. He d. on board the Kitorie, off the Seychelles, 19th October 1856 (bur. Zanzibar), having had issue, twenty-six sons and twenty-one daughters (of whom thirty-six children survived his death):
1) Sayyid Hilal bin Sa'id. b. at Muscat, Oman, 1817 (s/o Najm us-Sabah), educ. privately. Governor of Muscat 1832-1837, and of Burka 1837-1841, Naib in Zanzibar 1841-1844. Disinherited and exiled from all his father's dominions 1844-1846 during which time he visited England and was a guest of Queen Victoria in September 1845. Allowed to live at Lamu from 1849. He d.v.p. from consumption, at Aden, 28th (or 10th) June 1851, having had issue, three sons:
a) Sayyid Saud bin Hilal Al-Said, educ. privately. Governor of Lamu. He d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, after 1907.
b) Sayyid Faisal bin Hilal Al-Said. b. at Muscat, Oman, 1830, educ. privately. He d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, after 1907.
c) Sayyid Muhammad bin Hilal Al-Said, educ. privately. Adopted by H.H. Sayyida Azza bint Saif. He d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, after 1907. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
2) Sayyid Khalid bin Sa'id. b. at Muscat, Oman, 1819 (s/o Khurshid), educ. privately. Governor of Zanzibar 1828-1854. Appointed Heir Apparent to Zanzibar, 23rd July 1844. m. (a) Khurshid (d. from tuberculosis, at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1854), a Georgian. m. (b) an Ethiopian suri. He d.v.p. from consumption at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Zanzibar, 7th November 1854, having had issue, two daughters:
a) Sayyid Shambua binti Khalid Al-Said (d/o Khurshid). Copyright© Christopher Buyers
b) Sayyid Farshu binti Khalid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, ca. 1844 (d/o the Ethiopian lady). She d. unm. from consumption, at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1867.
3) H.H. Sultan Sayyid Thuwaini bin Sa'id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies (s/o a Georgian suri) - see below.
4) Sayyid Muhammad bin Sa'id. b. at Muscat, Oman, 1826 (s/o an Ethiopian suri), educ. privately. Minister of the Interior and Head of the Civil Administration of Muscat and Oman 1837-1854, Governor of Sumail 1854-1856. A simple man, who dressed in simple clothes, a devout religious scholar throughout his life. He d. 1863, having had issue, three sons and two daughters:
a) H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies - see below.
b) Sayyid Hilal bin Muhammad Al-Said, educ. privately. He d. 1886, having had issue, a son:
i) Sayyid Muhammad bin Hilal Al-Said, educ. privately. He d. before 1954.
c) Sayyid Khalid bin Muhammad Al-Said, educ. privately. Refused the throne of Zanzibar in 1911.
a) Sayyida 'Aliya bint Muhammad Al-Said.
b) Sayyida Fatima bint Muhammad Al-Said.
5) H.H. Sultan Sayyid Turki bin Sa'id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies (s/o an Ethiopian suri) - see below.
6) H.H. Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Sa'id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies (s/o Sarah) - see Tanzania (Zanzibar).
7) Sayyid 'Ali bin Sa'id (s/o an Ethiopian lady, brother of Shawana), educ. privately. He d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, ca. 1855.
8) Sayyid 'Ali bin Sa'id, educ. privately. He d. 1893. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
9) Sayyid 'Abdu'l-Wahhab bin Sa'id. b. at Muscat, Oman, 1840 (s/o a suri), educ. privately. He d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 3rd August 1866.
10) H.H. Sultan Sayyid Barghash bin Sa'id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies (s/o Fatala) - see Tanzania (Zanzibar).
11) Sayyid Jamshid bin Sa'id. b. 1841 (s/o a Georgian suri), educ. privately. He d. from cholera, at Unguja, Zanzibar, 15th October 1858.
12) Sayyid Hamdan bin Sa'id. b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1843 (s/o a Circassian suri, sister of Sara), educ. privately. He d. from cholera, October 1858.
13) Sayyid Ghalib bin Sa'id. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1845 (s/o an Ethiopian suri), educ. privately. He d. 5th January 1870.
14) Sayyid Suwaid bin Sa'id. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1845, educ. privately.
15) Sayyid 'Abdu'l-Rab bin Sa'id. b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, ca. 1845 (s/o an Ethiopian suri, brother of Mutla), educ. privately. He d. 1888.
16) Sayyid 'Abdu'l-Aziz bin Sa'id. b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1850, educ. privately. Joined in the rebellion of his brother Barghash against Majid in 1865. Exiled Zanzibar to Bombay 1865-1867. Exiled from Muscat for similar activities. Seized Gwadur in 1871 but abandoned that place in 1872 and went to Bombay. Returned in 1873 and attempted to recover Gwadur in 1873, but arrested and deported to India. Permitted to return to Oman in 1874 and appointed as Regent for his brother Turki in 1875. He went into rebellion in 1875, and attacked Muscat in 1878, 1883 and 1889. Defeated and exiled to Mekran, in Baluchistan, 1889-1890. He d. at Bombay, India, 12th April 1907, having had issue, two daughters:
a) Sayyida Maya bint 'Abdu'l-Aziz Al-Said. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
b) Sayyida Thuraya bint 'Abdu'l-Aziz Al-Said.
17) H.H. Sultan Sayyid Khalifa I bin Sa'id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies (s/o an Ethiopian suri) - see Tanzania (Zanzibar).
18) Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Sa'id, educ. privately.
19) Sayyid Hamad bin Sa'id (full-brother of Sultan Barghash), educ. privately.
20) Sayyid Talib bin Sa'id (full-brother of Sultan Barghash), educ. privately.
21) Sayyid 'Abbas bin Sa'id, educ. privately.
22) H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Ali I bin Sa'id, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies (s/o Nur us-Sabah II) - see Tanzania (Zanzibar).
23) Sayyid Nasir bin Sa'id. b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1854 (s/o an Ethiopian suri), educ. privately. He d. at Bombay, while on pilgrimage to Mecca, 1887.
24) Sayyid Badran bin Sa'id. b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1856. He d. 1886, having had issue:
a) Sayyid Majid bin Badran Al-Said, educ. privately. He d. 1901.
25) Sayyid Manin bin Sa'id [Ali Mdogo], educ. privately.
26) Sayyid Ahmad bin Sa'id, educ. privately.
1) Sayyida Zuwayna bint Sa'id (d/o Fatala), educ. privately. m. at the age of twelve years, at Unguja, Zanzibar, Sayyid Sa'ud bin 'Ali Al-Said (k. at Rustaq, 1834), sometime Governor of Birka and of Rustaq, son of Sayyid 'Ali bin Saif Al-Said, sometime Governor of Kilwa. She had issue, a son - see above.
2) Sayyida Raya bint Sa'id (d/o an Ethiopian suri, and full sister of Zuwayna), educ. privately. She d. aged ca. 90 years, after 1885. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
3) Sayyida Sharifa bint Sa'id (d/o a Circassian suri), educ. privately. m. a cousin, as his only wife. She d. at Muscat, Oman, after 1856, having had issue, an only son:
a) Shnum.
4) Sayyida Shaikha bint Sa'id, educ. privately.
5) Sayyida Aisha bint Sa'id. b. at Muscat, Oman, before 1815 (d/o Nur us-Sabah), educ. privately.
6) Sayyida Khula Najm al-Subh bint Sa'id. b. at Muscat, Oman, before 1816 (d/o Nur us-Sabah), educ. privately. Welcomed the French RC missionaries to Zanzibar in 1860 and served as their benefactress thereafter. She d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1875.
7) Sayyida Azza bint Sa'id, educ. privately. b. at Muscat, Oman, 1823.
8) Sayyida Khadija bint Sa'id. b. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, ca. 1832 (d/o Sara), educ. privately. She d. on the pilgrimage to Mecca, 1887.
9) Sayyida Miya [Meje] bint Sa'id (d/o Fatala), educ. privately. She d. unm.
10) Sayyida Zayana bint Sa'id. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1832 (d/o a Messopotamian suri), educ. privately. m. at the age of twelve years, 1844, her cousin, …
11) Sayyida Zamzan bint Sa'id (d/o Fatala), educ. privately. m. her cousin, Sayyid Hamad bin Muhammad Al-Said (d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1899), younger son of Sayyid Muhammad bin Salim Al-Said, sometime Governor of Muscat and Sohar. She d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 13th June 1900, having had issue - see above.
12) Sayyida Mutla bint Sa'id (d/o an Ethiopian suri, sister of 'Abdu'l-Rab), educ. privately. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1865, Sayyid Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Said. She had issue, two sons.
13) Another daughter. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1865, a brother of Sayyid Muhammad bin Ahmad Al-Said, educ. privately. She d.s.p. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
14) Sayyida Nunu bint Sa'id (d/o Taj). Born blind, educ. privately. She d. unm.
15) Sayyida Shawana bint Sa'id. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, ca. 1843 (d/o an Ethiopian suri, sister of 'Ali), educ. privately.
16) Sayyida Salima [Salmé] bint Sa'id [Frau. Emily Said-Ruete]. b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 30th August 1844 (d/o Jilfidan), educ. privately. She fled to Aden onboard a British warship, received there into the Anglican communion and baptised with the Christian name of Emily 1st April 1867. Settled in Hamburg with her husband in 1867, and lived at Jaffa and Beirut 1889-1914. She wrote several books about her life, including Memoirs of an Arabian Princess (1888). m. at Christ Church, Aden, 30th May 1867, Rudolph Heinrich Reute (b. at Hamburg, Germany, 10th March 1839; k. there in a tram accident, 6th August 1870, bur. Ohlsdorf Cemetery), Agent for Hansing & Co. at Aden 1855, and head of the firm Koll & Reute, and Reute & Co. in Zanzibar, eldest son of Dr. Phil. Hermann Adolph Reute, by his first wife, Francisca Rosalie, neé Fölsch. She d. from double pneumonia, at No. 4, Gartenstrasse, Jena, Germany, 29th February 1924 (bur. Ohlsdorf Cemetery), having had issue, two sons and two daughters:
a) Heinrich Ruete. b. at Aden, 7th December 1866. He d. there between 1st April and 30th May 1867.
b) Sayyid Rudolph Said-Ruete. b. at Hamburg, Germany, 13th April 1869, educ. Wilhelmus Gymnasium, Prussian Cadet Sch., Bensberg, near Cologne, Mil. Cadet Sch., Gross-Lichterfelde, Berlin, and Fu'ad I Univ., Cairo, Egypt. Cmsnd. Ensign Royal Prussian Army 1887, prom. 2nd-Lieut. Thuringuia Field Artillery Regt. 1888, transf. 15th Field Artillery Regt., prom. Lieut. 1898, resigned 1898, Insp-Gen. of Commercial Railways in the Middle East 1899-1900, employed with Egyptian National Bank 1904, Dir. Deutschen Orientbank at Cairo 1906-1910, resided in London 1910-1914 & 1919-1938, Switzerland 1914-1919, renounced his German nationality and was naturalised a British subject 26th November 1934. A journalist and author of "Political Correspondence and Peaceable War Essays 1914-1918" (1919), "Said bin Sultan" (1929). Granted the personal title of Sayyid by Sultan Khalifa II of Zanzibar 1932. Rcvd: the Orders of Al-Saidi of Oman 1st class (10.10.1928), Brilliant star of Zanzibar 2nd class (2.7.1929), Lion and Sun of Persia 3rd class (1913), the Osmans (Nishan-i-Osmanieh) 3rd class (1903), Nobility (Nishan-i-Mejidieh) 4th class (1895) of Turkey, and the Red Eagle of Prussia 4th class (1912). m. at Berlin, Germany, 16th September 1901, Maria Theresa (b. at Cologne, Germany, 3rd April 1872), daughter of Mathissen Mathias, merchant, of Cologne, by his wife, Mathilde, daughter of Meyer Baer Mond, of Ziegenhain, Cassel, paternal grandfather of The Rt Hon Alfred Moritz (Mond), 1st Baron Melchett, PL, DL, FRS, the first Chair. of ICI, sometime First Cmsnr. of Works and Minister for Health. He d. at Luzern, Switzerland, 1st May 1946, having had issue, one son and one daughter:
i) Werner Heinrich Mathiessen Said-Ruete. b. at Berlin, 22nd May 1902, educ. Lyceum Alpinum, Zug, Switzerland. Emigrated to the USA in the 1950s. m. Roslyn C. Warner, of Palm Beach, Florida, USA, widow of Ellsworth C. Warner, of Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA.
i) Salme Mathilde Benvenuta Olga Said-Ruete. b. at Kensington, London, 8th May 1910. m. 1935, … Humphreys, a British subject. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
a) Antonie Thawka Ruete [Antonie, Frau Brandeis]. b. at Hamburg, Germany 24th March 1868. m. at Berlin, Germany, 1898 (sep. 1923), Eugen Brandeis (b. at Freiburg i. Breisgau, 23rd September 1846; d. at Berlin, 1919), educ. Technical Univ. of Karlsruhe, and Albert Ludwigs Univ., Freiburg, Advantageur 5th Baden Inf. Regt. 1866, prom. 2nd-Lieut. Baden Field Artillery 1868, served Franco-Prussian War 1870-1871, transf. Silesian Foot Artillery Regt. 1873, prom. First Lieut. 1875, à la suite 1876, retd. 1877, trader in Haiti 1877-1881, Adstr. German Consulate there 1879-1881, railway engineer in Cuba 1880-1884, and the Panama Canal 1884-1885, Adviser to King Tupua Tamasese Titimaea of Samoa 1886-1889, Sec. Jaluit 1890-1892 (actng. Sec. 1889-1890), Imperial Cmsnr. 1892-1893, Judge at Herbertshöhe 1893-1894, served in the Colonial Office in Berlin 1895-1898, Administrator of the Marshall Islands 1900-1906 (actng. 1898-1900), retd. 1906, rcvd: Knt. 1st class with oak cluster of the Order of the Zahringen Lion of Baden (1908, Knt. 2nd class 1870, Cross of Merit 1870), and the Order of the Iron Cross 2nd class (1871) of Prussia. She had issue, two daughters.
b) Rosalie Ghuza Ruete [Frau Rosalie Troemer]. b. at Hamburg, Germany 16th April 1870. m. at Berlin, January 1902, Major-General Martin Troemer, Royal Prussian Army, cdr. of a brigade on the Eastern Front 1914. She had issue, two daughters.
17) Sayyida Sweydu bint Sa'id, educ. privately. m. Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Muhammad Al-Said (b. 1850), son of Sayyid Muhammad bin Salim Al-Said, sometime Regent or Muscat and Oman - see above.
18) Sayyida Mayra bint Sa'id, educ. privately.
19) Sayyida Koddin bint Sa'id, educ. privately.








1888 - 1890 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Khalifa I bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCMG (13.6.1888). b. at the Bait al-Mtoni, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1852, seventeenth son of H.H. Sayyid Sa'id bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by an Ethiopian suri, educ. privately. His elder half-brother, Sayyid Barghash placed him in prison, soon after he succeeded to the throne in 1870. Released from confinement in 1873. Succeeded on the death of his brother, 26th March 1888. Installed at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 27th March 1888. Entered into a treaty with the Deutsch Ostafrika Gesellschaft granting them the right to collect customs duties and taxes along the coast of Tananyika in 1888. Granted £200,000 sterling in exchange for recognising German sovereignty over Tanganyika, and £11,000 sterling p.a. from the East Africa Company in exchange for their control over Mombasa and the northern portions of his dominions on the coastal strip. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. m. … He d. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 13th February, 1890 (bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, an only surviving son:
1) Sayyid Muhammad bin Khalifa. b. at Unguja,Zanzibar, 18xx. He d. there, 1906.
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1890 - 1893 H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Ali I bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (8.11.1890). b. at Muscat, Oman, 1854, twenty-second surviving son of H.H. Sayyid Sa'id bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat, Oman and Zanzibar, by Nur Sabah, an Ethiopian suri, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent, 27th March 1888. Succeeded on the death of his elder half-brother, 13th February 1890. Installed at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 18th February 1890. Sold his mainland possessions along the Tanganyika coast to the German government 17th October 1890. Accepted a British Protectorate over his island territories of Zanzibar island, Pemba, Mafia, Lamu, and Pate, the islets of Manda, Faza, Tarkwa, and his remaining mainland territories as far north as Kisimayu, 7th November 1890. Accepted the introduction of a constitutional form of government in 1891, including the first Council of Ministers and separate departments of administration. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. m. a daughter of Sayyid Manin Al-Said, of Muscat. He d. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 5th March 1893 (bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, one son and four daughters:
1) Sayyid Said bin 'Ali. b. at Unguja,Zanzibar, 1893, educ. privately. m. at Unguja,Zanzibar, Sayyida Bashan bint Hamud (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar), daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI, by his wife, Sayyida Khanfora bint Majid, daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. He had issue, eight sons and a daughter: Copyright© Christopher Buyers
a) Sayyid Muhammad bin Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja,Zanzibar, 1907. m. (first) Sayyida Asila bint Thabit Al-Said (b. 1917), daughter of Sayyid Thabit bin 'Abdu'llah Al-Said. m. (second) at Unguja,Zanzibar, 1941, Sayyida Hakima bint Hamud Al-Said (b. 1920), daughter of Sayyid Hamud bin Faisal Al-Said. He had issue, three sons and three daughters:
i) Sayyid Faisal bin Muhammad Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1941 (s/o Asila).
ii) Sayyid Fahad bin Muhammad Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1942 (s/o Hakima).
iii) Sayyid Faris bin Muhammad Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar (s/o Hakima).
i) Sayyida Faiza bint Muhammad Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, before 1947.
ii) Sayyida Fahma bint Muhammad Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 9th February 1948.
iii) Sayyida Fatima bint Muhammad Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar.
b) Sayyid 'Ali bin Said Al-Said [Sayyid Manin]. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar.
c) H.H. Sayyid Badran bin Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar 1911. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1940, H.R.H. Sayyida Sindia bint 'Abdu'llah (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1927), second daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Khalifa, Sultan of Zanzibar and and its dependencies, KBE, CMG, by his wife, H.H. Sayyida Tohfa bint 'Ali, daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Ali II bin Hamud, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. He had issue, one daughter:
i) H.H. Sayyid Ghaliya bint Badran Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1949. She was k. unm. in a sailing accident, at Portsmouth, Hants., UK, 2nd May 1971.
d) H.H. Sayyid Khalifa bin Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 19th June 1916. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1940, H.R.H. Sayyida Sughia bint 'Abdu'llah Al (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1925), eldest daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Khalifa, Sultan of Zanzibar and and its dependencies, KBE, CMG, by his wife, H.H. Sayyida Tohfa bint 'Ali, daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Ali II bin Hamud, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. He had issue, two sons and one daughter:
i) H.H. Sayyid Samih bin Khalifa Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 9th June 1938.
ii) H.H. Sayyid Taimur bin Khalifa Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 13th April 1941.
i) H.H. Sayyida Kalthum bint Khalifa Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar.
e) Sayyid Majid bin Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar 1920. m. (first) at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1940, Sayyida Mera bint Muhammad Al-Said (b. 1922), daughter of Sayyid Muhammad bin 'Ali Al-Said, by his wife, Sayyida Zeana bint 'Ali, daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Ali II bin Hamud, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependeincies. m. (second) at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1953, Sayyida Raya bint Said Al-Said (b. 1921), daughter of Sayyid Said bin Khalid Al-Said. He had issue, three sons and three daughters:
i) Sayyid Mubadir bin Majid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 13th December 1947 (s/o Mera).
ii) Sayyid Mundhir bin Majid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1948 (s/o Mera).
iii) Sayyid Muhammad bin Majid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, after 1949 (s/o Mera).
i) Sayyida Meyan bint Majid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 8th October 1944 (d/o Mera).
ii) Sayyida Masmuha bint Majid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1949 (d/o Mera).
iii) Sayyida Massara bint Majid Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, before 1954 (d/o Mera).
f) Sayyid Ahmad bin Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 21st January 1926.
g) Sayyid 'Abdu'l-Aziz bin Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 4th October 1930.
h) Sayyid Barghash bin Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 19th July 1933.
a) Sayyida Hafsa bint Said Al-Said. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 11th November 1918.
1) Sayyida Aliya bint 'Ali. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
2) Sayyida Nunu bint 'Ali. m. Sayyid Muhammad bin Hamad Al-Said, third son of Sayyid Hamad bin Muhammad Al-Said - see Oman.
3) Sayyida Ghalia bint 'Ali.
4) Sayyida Sharifa bint 'Ali. m. Sayyid Thabit bin 'Abdu'llah Al-Said (b. 1883), second son of Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Muhammad Al-Said. She had issue - see Oman.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1893 - 1896 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamad bin Thuwaini, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (23.2.1894). b. at Muscat, Oman, 1857, seventh son of H.H. Sayyid Thuwaini bin Sa'id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, by his wife, Sayyida Ghaliya bint Salim, daughter of H.H. Sayyid Salim bin Sultan, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, educ. privately. Proclaimed on the death of his uncle, 15th March 1893. Accepted an Italian protectorate over the ports of Barawa, Merka and Mogadishu, and his other dominions on the North-East African and Somali coasts, 16th July 1893. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. Rcvd: GC of the Orders of the Crown of Italy (1893), the Red Eagle 1st class of Prussia (12.1.1895), etc. m. (first) at Unguja, Zanzibar, November 1873 (div. 1874) Sayyida Turkia bint Turki (b. at Muscat, Oman. m. second, the elder brother of her first husband, Sayyid Harub bin Thuwaini, of Muscat, by whom she had issue, an only son - see below), eldest daughter of H.H. Sayyid Turki bin Sa'id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, GCSI. m. (second) at Unguja, Zanzibar, Sayyida Nunu bint Barghash (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar), daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Barghash bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCMG. He d.s.p. at the Bait al-Sahel, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 25th August 1896 (bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery).






1896 - 1902 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI (20.4.1898). b. at Sumail, Oman, 1853, eldest surviving son of Sayyid Muhammad bin Sa'id, sometime Governor of Sumail, Minister of the Interior and Head of the Civil Administration of Muscat and Oman, educ. privately. Proclaimed Sultan by the British authorities, after they had defeated Sayyid Khalid bin Barghash, 27th August 1896. Installed at the Customs House, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 31st August 1896. He abolished the remaining laws and regulations recognising the legal status of slavery in 1897. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. Founder and Soveregn of the family Order of the Praisworthy (Wisam al-Hamudieh) in four classes and a medal in 1897. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, H.H. Sayyida Khanfora bint Majid (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar), daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. He d. at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 18th July 1902 (bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, six sons and four daughters, including:
1) H.H Sultan Sayyid 'Ali II bin Hamud, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies - see below.
2) Sayyid Majid bin Hamud. He d.s.p. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1899.
3) Sayyid Saud bin Hamud. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
4) Sayyid Taimur bin Hamud.
5) Sayyid Muhammad bin Hamud.
1) Sayyida Matuka bint Hamud [H.H. the Sultana of Zanzibar]. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar. Rcvd: Sultan Khalifa II Silver Jubilee (9.1.1937), King George V Silver Jubilee (3.6.1935), King George VI Coron. (11.5.1937) medals. m. at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1900, as his first wife, H.H. Sultan Sayyid Sir Khalifa II bin Harub, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCB, GCMG, GBE (b. at Muscat, Oman, 26th August 1879; d. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 9th October 1960, bur. Makusurani Cemetery), son of Sayyid Harub bin Thuwaini Al-Said, of Muscat, by his wife, Sayyida Turkiya bint Turki, daughter of H.H. Sayyid Turki bin Said, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies. She d. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 2nd July 1940, having had issue, three sons - see below.
2) Sayyida Bashan bint Hamud. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar. m. there, Sayyid Said bin 'Ali (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1893), only son of H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Ali I bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI. She had issue - see above.
3) Sayyida Buran bint Hamud.
4) Sayyida Hakima bint Hamud.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1902 - 1911 H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Ali II bin Hamud, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 7th June 1884, eldest son of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI, by his wife, Sayyida Khanfora bint Majid Al-Said, daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, educ. Harrow Sch., Mdsx. Proclaimed on the death of his father, 20th July 1902. Reigned under the Regency of A.S. Rogers. Came of age and was invested with full ruling powers, at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 7th June 1905. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar and the Order of the Praisworthy. Founder and Sovereign of the Order of the Exalted (Wisam al-Aliyeh) in four classes and a silver medal 7th June 1905. He abdicated in favour of his cousin and brother-in-law, due to failing health, 9th December 1911. Thereafter resided in Switzerland and in France. Attended the Coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra at Westminster Abbey in London 1903. Rcvd: King Edward VII Coron. medal (9.8.1902), the Imperial Order of the Osmans (Nishan-i-Osmanieh) special class in brilliants of Turkey, GC of the Orders of the Red Eagle of Prussia 1st class (1905), Our Lady of the Conception of Vila Viçosa of Portugal, and the Crown of Italy. m. at Chukwani Palace, Zanzibar, 1902 (div. and remarried 1904), a daughter of H.H. Sayyid Faisal bin Turki, Sultan of the Saidi State of Muscat and Oman and dependencies, GCIE. He d. at Paris, France, 20th December 1918 (bur. there at Père Lachaise Muslim Cemetery), having had issue, two sons and two daughters:
1) Sayyid Saud bin 'Ali. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 18th August 1907, educ. Cairo. m. a lady from Tumbatu. He had issue, four sons: Copyright© Christopher Buyers
a) Sayyid 'Ali bin Saud Al-Said. He had issue, a son:
i) Sayyid Muhammad bin 'Ali Al-Said.
b) Sayyid Hamud bin Saud Al-Said. b. 18th October 1947.
c) Sayyid Nasser bin Saud Al-Said.
d) Sayyid Sabri bin Saud Al-Said.
2) Sayyid Farid bin 'Ali. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 13th September 1908, educ. Cairo, Egypt. He had issue, one son and one daughter:
a) Sayyid 'Ali bin Farid Al-Said. b. 14th November 1934.
a) Sayyida Aliya bint Farid Al-Said. b. 13th September 1933. m. 1947, Sayyid Ahmad bin Thabit Al-Said (b. 1919), son of Sayyid Thabit bin 'Abdu'llah Al-Said. She had issue - see Oman.
1) Sayyida Zeana bint 'Ali. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar. m. there, 190x, Sayyid Muhammad bin 'Ali Al-Said (b. 1894; d. 1923), son of Sayyid 'Ali bin Salim Al-Said. She had issue - see Oman.
2) Sayyida Tohfa bint 'Ali [H.H. the Dowager Sultana of Zanzibar]. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar. m. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1924, H.H. Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Khalifa Al-Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, KBE, CMG (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 12th February 1910; d. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1st July 1963, bur. there at Makusurani Cemetery), second son of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Sir Khalifa II bin Harub, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCB, GCMG, GBE, by his first wife, H.H. Sayyida Matuka bint Hamud, Sultana of Zanzibar, daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI. She had issue, three sons and three daughters - see below.







1911 - 1960 H.H. Sultan Sayyid Sir Khalifa II bin Harub, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCB (c 5.10.1956), GCMG (22.12.1936, KCMG 1.1.1914), GBE (c 3.6.1935, KBE c 1.1.1919). b. at Muscat, Oman, 26th August 1879, only son of Sayyid Harub bin Thuwaini, of Muscat, by his wife, Sayyida Turkiya bint Turki, former wife of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamad bin Thuwaini, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI, and eldest daughter of H.H. Sayyid Turki bin Sa'id, Sultan of Muscat and Oman, GCSI, educ. privately. Settled in Zanzibar 1893. Proclaimed on the abdication of his cousin and brother-in-law, 9th December 1911. Installed at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 16th December 1911. Presdt. Protectorate Cncl. 1911-1926, the Exec. Cncl. 1926-1954, and Privy Cncl. 1954-1960. Established an Executive and a Legislative Council in 1926, and a Privy Council in 1954. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. Attended the Coronations of King George V and Queen Mary 1911, King George VI and Queen Elizabeth 1937, and Queen Elizabeth II 1953, and the Silver Jubilee Celebrations of King George V and Queen Mary 1935, at Westminster Abbey, in London. Rcvd: King George V (22.6.1911), King George VI (11.5.1937), and Queen Elizabeth II (1.6.1953) Coron. medals, and King George V Silver Jubilee medal (3.6.1935), the Sa'idi Order of the State of Oman (Wisam ud-Daula Al-Saidiya Omaniya), Cdr. of the Order of the Shield & Spears of Buganda, etc. m. (first) at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1900, H.H. Sayyida Matuka bint Hamud, Sultana of Zanzibar (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar; d. there, at the Sultan's Palace, 2nd July 1940), rcvd: Sultan Khalifa II Silver Jubilee (9.1.1937), King George V Silver Jubilee (3.6.1935), King George VI Coron. (11.5.1937) medals, elder daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI, by his wife, Sayyida Khanfora bint Majid, daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Said, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. m. (second) at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, H.H. Sayyida Nunu bint Ahmad, Sultana of Zanzibar (b. at Muscat, Oman), rcvd: the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar 1st class (5.10.1956), and Queen Elizabeth II Coron. (1.6.1953) medal, daughter of Sayyid Ahmad bin Harub Al-Said, by his wife, Sayyida Turkiya bint Turki, daughter of H.H. Sayyid Turki bin Said, Sultan of Muscat and Oman and dependencies. He d. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 9th October 1960 (bur. there at the Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, three sons:
1) Sayyid Thuwaini bin Khalifa Al-Said. He d. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1906.
2) H.H. Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Khalifa, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies (s/o Sayyida Matuka) - see below. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
3) Sayyid 'Abdu'l-Wahhab bin Khalifa. He d. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1912.
H.H. Sultan Sayyid Sir Khalifa II and H.H. Sultana Sayyida Nunu, also adopted a daughter:
1) H.H. Sayyida Amal bint Khalifa. b. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1945. Rcvd: Queen Elizabeth II Coron. medal (1.6.1953). m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1963, H.E. Maulid al-Haj, Minister for Education and Information 1963-1964. She had issue, one son and one daughter:
a) Sayyid Khalifa bin Maulid. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, December 1963.
a) Sayyida Iman bint Maulid. b. at London, 16th September 1978.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1960 - 1963 H.H. Sultan Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Khalifa, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, KBE (c 1.1.1959), CMG (22.12.1936). b. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 12th February 1910, second son of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Sir Khalifa II bin Harub, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCB, GCMG, GBE, by his first wife, H.H. Sayyida Matuka bint Hamud, Sultana of Zanzibar, elder daughter of H.H. Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCSI, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his father, 1929. Succeeded on the death of his father, 9th October 1960. Installed at the Bait al-Ajaib, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 17th October 1960. Mbr. Exec. Cncl. 1942-1956, PC 1956-1960, Presdt. Privy Cncl. 1960-1963. Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. Rcvd: the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar 1st class (22.12.1936), Sultan Khalifa II Silver Jubilee (9.1.1937), King George V Silver Jubilee (3.6.1935), King George VI Coron. (11.5.1937), and Queen Elizabeth II Coron. (1.6.1953) medals. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1924, as his only wife, H.H. Sayyida Tohfa bint 'Ali [H.H. the Dowager Sultana of Zanzibar] (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar), rcvd: Sultan Khalifa II Silver Jubilee medal (9.1.1937), younger daughter of H.H Sultan Sayyid 'Ali II bin Hamud, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies. He d. at the Sultan's Palace, Stone Town, Unguja, Zanzibar, 1st July 1963 (bur. Makusurani Cemetery), having had issue, three sons and three daughters:
1) H.M. Sultan Sayyid Jamshid bin 'Abdu'llah, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies - see below.
2) H.R.H. Sayyid Muhammad bin 'Abdu'llah. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 2nd March 1933, educ. privately. Rcvd: the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar 2nd class (11.4.1959), etc. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 194x, Salha, daughter of ... , by his wife, Luluwa. He had issue, four sons.
3) H.R.H. Sayyid Harub bin 'Abdu'llah. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 5th May 1936, educ. privately. Rcvd: the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar 2nd class (30.3.1960), etc. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1954, H.R.H. Sayyida Shuruk bint Saif Al-Said (b. at Muscat, Oman, 16th May 1939), daughter of Sayyid Saif bin Hamud Al-Said. He had issue, six sons - see above. Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1) H.R.H. Sayyida Sughia bint 'Abdu'llah. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1925, educ. privately. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1940, H.H. Sayyid Khalifa bin Said bin 'Ali Al-Said (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 19th June 1916), fourth son of Sayyid Said bin 'Ali Al-Said. She had issue, two sons and one daughter - see above.
2) H.R.H. Sayyida Sindia bint 'Abdu'llah. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1927, educ. privately. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1940, H.H. Sayyid Badr bin Said Al-Said (b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1911), third son of Sayyid Said bin 'Ali Al-Said. She had issue, one daughter - see above:
3) H.R.H. Sayyida Sharifa bint 'Abdu'llah. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1931, educ. privately. m. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1948, H.H. Sayyid Saif bin Hamud Al-Said (b. at Muscat, Oman, 27th November 1916; d. at before 1971), son Sayyid Hamud bin Faisal. She had issue, two sons and seven daughters - see Oman.
Copyright© Christopher Buyers
1963 - H.M. Sultan Sayyid Jamshid bin 'Abdu'llah, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, GCMG (29.12.1963). b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 16th September 1929, eldest son of H.H. Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Khalifa, Sultan of Zanzibar and its dependencies, KBE, CMG, by his wife, H.H. Sayyida Tohfa bint 'Ali, educ. privately. Appointed as Heir Apparent by his father, 9th October 1960. Succeeded on his death, 1st July 1963. Proclaimed the Independence of Zanzibar and assumed the style of His Majesty, 9th December 1963. Presdt. Privy Cncl. 1963-1964. Fled from the islands with his family, during the armed revolt led by the former bricklayer "Field Marshal" John Okello, on 12th January 1964. Deposed in absentia, and banned from the islands for life, by the revolutionary government on 17th January 1964. Zanzibar being declared a "People's Republic" on the 18th, and a "one-party" state, on 30th January 1964. He settled in London after the revolution, later moving to Portsmouth, in Hampshire. Presdt. Zanzibar Organisation (UK). Sovereign of the Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar. m. (first) at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1955 (div. 1968) Sayyida Anisa bint Salim (b. 9th February 1938; m. second, at Southsea, Hants, 4th April 1972, Flight Lieut. Michael Perkins, late RAF), styled Her Majesty the Sultana of Zanzibar from 9th December 1963 to 1968, daughter of Sayyid Salim bin Kindeh. m. (second) at Portsmouth, Hants., UK, 1970 (relig.) and 1972 (civil), Zuleika bint 'Abdu'llah al-Aufy, daughter of 'Abdu'llah bin Muhammad al-Aufy. He had issue, five sons and two daughters:
1) H.R.H. Sayyid 'Ali bin Jamshid. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 195x (s/o Sayyida 'Anisa).
2) H.R.H. Sayyid Khalifa bin Jamshid. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 196x (s/o Sayyida 'Anisa).
3) H.R.H. Sayyid 'Abdu'llah bin Jamshid. b. at Portsmouth, Hampshire, 197x (s/o Sayyida 'Anisa).
4) H.R.H. Sayyid Wasfi bin Jamshid. b. at Portsmouth, Hampshire, 15th February 1972 (s/o Zuleikha). m. 9th March 2000, H.R.H. Princess Aisha bint Saif al-Maani (b. 23rd February 1978), daughter of Saif bin Salim al-Maani. He has issue, two sons and one daughter:
a) H.H. Sayyid Jamshid bin Wasfi Al-Said. b. at Portsmouth, Hampshire, 12th June 2001.
b) H.H. Sayyid Hamza bin Wasfi Al-Said. b. 20th August 2003.
a) H.H. Sayyida Sara bint Wasfi Al-Said. b. 12th January 2003.
5) H.R.H. Sayyid Gharib bin Jamshid. b. at Portsmouth, Hants, 197x (s/o Zuleikha).
1) H.R.H. Sayyida Matuqa bint Jamshid. b. at Unguja, Zanzibar, 1957 (d/o Sayyida 'Alisa).
2) H.R.H. Sayyida Adila bint Jamshid. b. at Portsmouth, Hants, 197x (d/o Zuleikha).

ORDERS & DECORATIONS



The Order of the Praisworthy (Wisam al-Hamudieh) - Fourth class, breast badge.

The Order of the Praisworthy, or Meritorious (Wisam al-Hamudieh): founded by Sultan Sayyid Hamud bin Muhammad in 1897 as a family order of the Al Bu-Said dynasty. Awarded in four classes. Ranked as the premier order during the period of its existence. Obsolete 1911.





The Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar - First class (Type II), breast star (L) and sash badge (R)

The Order of the Brilliant Star of Zanzibar (Wisam al-Kawkab al-Durri al-Zanzibari): founded by Sultan Sayyid Majid bin Said in 1865, modified and extended by Sultan Sayyid Barghash bin Said on 22nd December 1875, and modified again by Sultan Sayyid Khalifa II bin Harub on 5th August 1918. Thereafter awarded in five classes (1. First Class - limited to forty members at any one time, 2. Second Class - sixty members, 3. Third Class - eighty members, 4. Fourth Class - ninety members, and 5. Fifth Class - one hundred members). Ladies were admitted to the order in 1956. Obsolete 1964.



The Order of of the Exalted (Wisam al-Aliyeh) - First class, breast star.

The Order of the Exalted (Wisam al-Aliyeh): founded by Sultan Sayyid 'Ali II bin Hamud 7th June 1905 in celebration of his coming of age and assumption of full ruling powers. Awarded for distinguished and faithful service to the Sultan and conferred in four classes. Attached to the order, a silver medal, equivalent to the fifth class of European orders. Ranked as the third ranking order during the period of its existence. Obsolete 1911.





The Order of of the Exalted (Wisam al-Aliyeh) - Third class, neck badge (L) and Medal, breast badge (R).

The Government of Zanzibar Medal: instituted by Sultan Sayyid Barghash bin Said in 1876 to reward meritorious services to the state by state employees, military and police personnel, district chiefs, etc. Awarded in three classes (1. First Flass in gold, 2. Second Class in silver, and 3. third Class in bronze).



The Government of Zanzibar Gold Medal

The Sultan of Zanzibar's Campaign Medal: instituted by Sultan Sayyid Hamad bin Thuwani in 1896. Awarded to officers, non-commissioned officers and men of the Sultan's armed forces. Clasps were awarded for specific battles and campaigns, including Pumwani, Jongeni, Takaungu and Mwele.





The Sultan of Zanzibar's Campaign Medal (L) and Medal of Merit (R).

The Sultan of Zanzibar's Medal of Merit: instituted by Sultan Sayyid Barghash bin Said in 1875 and initially functioned as the fifth class of the Order of the Brilliant Star. Later conferred as a separate decoration, primarily to Zanzibari subjects in recognition of civil services. Awarded in a single class, silver plaque with the Sultan's tugra and worn on a medal ribbon.
The Sultan of Zanzibar's Silver Jubilee Medal: instituted by Sultan Sir Khalifa bin Harub to commemorate the Silver Jubilee of his reign on 9th January 1937. Awarded in a single class, silver medal.

5 comments:

Albert Gachiri said...

This is such a magnificent collection of the Zanzibar history and heritage. I'm a Kenyan TV journalist currently studying for an MA at a London university, in the UK. For my final class project, I'm researching on the origins of the Kadhi's Court in the Kenyan Constitution. I really need to get in touch with the exiled Sultan of Zanzibar. Kindly assist me with any contact details you may have, apart from the fact that he has been residing in Portsmouth. Have you come across a specific address perhaps?

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Altaf said...

This is what you call a TREASURE.
I enjoyed reading every bit and hats off to you for putting in so much time and effort.
Altaf

Born 2 Suffer said...

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